Best Shoes to prevent Calluses
Calluses are thick, hardened layers of skin that develop when your skin tries to protect itself against friction and pressure. They are often larger than corns. Calluses are on the side or bottom of your toes or soles. You are at greater risk to get calluses if you have diabetes or another condition that causes poor circulation to your feet. Calluses are often yellowish in color. Pressure and friction from repetitive actions can cause calluses to develop and grow. Avoiding the repetitive actions that cause them to develop are the best treatment for calluses. Wearing properly fitted shoes and utilizing orthotics can help resolve the problem.
Some causes for calluses are:
(1) Ill-fitting shoes – When the shoes are too tight or have high heels, they compress areas of your feet. When the shoes are too loose, your foot may repeatedly slide and rub against the shoe.
(2) Not wearing shoes – Wearing shoes and sandals without socks can lead to friction on your feet. Socks that are too tight or loose can also be a problem.
(3) Poor foot function – The foot rolls across the metatarsal heads – one at a time instead of distributing the weight equally during overpronation.
The best shoes for calluses help reduce the pressure on the sole of the foot. Shoes for calluses will have special linings to help ease the burning sensation often times associated with calluses. Shoes with cushioned soles help reduce the impact on your feet which prevents the stress on your feet. The best shoes for calluses also have a wider toe box to accommodate your toes. The best arch support for calluses will have good shock absorption, control pronation and evenly distribute pressure across the foot. These arch supports and custom molded orthotics helps take pressure off your feet and reduce the pain associated with calluses. If you have an underlying foot deformity which causes recurring calluses then you will need to wear custom-made padded shoe inserts. Always wear comfortable well fitted footwear. Another good idea is to always be professionally fitted for every pair you buy as each manufacturer and style may have a slightly different size. You should be able to move your toes with a small gap between the front of the shoe and your longest toe.
Tips for choosing the right shoes to stop calluses from occurring:
(1) Have both feet measured while standing. Your shoe size changes with age and weight. Also one foot tends to be larger than the other so buy a pair a shoes that will fit the large foot.
(2) Your toes should not touch the end of your shoes. Allow a gap of about l cm from the end of your longest toe and the end of each shoe when you are standing.
(3) Shoes should be wide and deep enough to allow you to wiggle all of your toes. The shoes are the wrong fit if you can see the outline of your feet pressing against your shoes.
(4) Shoes should not be too loose. Heels should not slip out of your shoes and your feet and toes shouldn’t have to work to hold your shoes in place.
(5) Don’t buy shoes that need to be ‘broken in’. While it is true that some shoes will stretch overtime, if they are not immediately comfortable, they will never be.
(6) Choose shoes with uppers made from breathable material. Synthetic or rubber are best for the sole as they are generally more durable, shock-absorbent and provide a better grip.
(7) It is also important to know your foot type. The shape of your foot for instance high-arched, flat or pronating will determine the type of shoe that will best serve you. If in doubt ask your podiatrist for advice.
I have a callus on my left foot near my big toe. My podiatrist provides medical treatment such as trimming and foot lotion every two months. The shoes that I wear to protect my foot from the pain while walking on the callus are very comfortable, loose; have extra metatarsal padded support and wiggle room for the toes.